Vertical Textile and Garment Industrial Park

Introduction
Industrial agglomeration, commonly known as Industrial Clusters, Special Economic Zones (SEZs), and Industrial Parks, has played a catalyst role in making the industrial sectors and there value chains more competitive. To promote integrated spatial planning and enhancing a conducive environment and integrated support towards achieving industrial agglomeration, the urban unit carried out a study of making vertical industries by leveraging the existing potential of the industries in Lahore. As the most populous city of Punjab, it is growing at an average rate of 6%, which is not sustainable. If the current situation continues than Lahore would double by 2025 from the 2015 built-up area[1] Urban Atlas.

Year Urban Expansion (Sq.km) in Lahore
1995 219.7
2005 115.8
2015 329.8

On the other side, there are numerous hubs of economic activities that are expanding and contributing to the provincial and national accounts significantly. This project will capitalize on Punjab’s existing economic centers which will ignite the engine for accelerated growth and addressing the spatial imbalances in terms of industries.
Five Major Concentration of Industries in Lahore
Figure shows Five Major Concentration of Industries in Lahore

Moreover, this project also advocates the vision of Prime minster; “to allow the building to rise vertically and allow for more green spaces as Pakistan is one of the most environmentally threatened countries. Avoiding large sprawling built-up areas will allow the easier provision of amenities to our urban dwellers”.
Population density Lahore City_2015
Figure shows population density in Lahore

An industrial park consists of an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather then heavy industry. Around the world, heavy industries involve large and heavy products, equipment, and including large-scale infrastructure and complex processes. It also involves higher capital intensity then the light industry does, and it is also often more heavily cyclical in investment and employment.
Site Selection Criteria for Textile Industrial Park

  • The availability of services such as electricity, gas, sewerage and waste disposal.
  • Proximity to major road networks and public transportation as well falling in a high Population density zone.
  • Site needs to be state-owned commercial vacant land of considerable size to accommodate the program brief.

Salient features of proposed Industrial Parks
Mixed-Use and Multi-Story is the Future of Urban Industrial Design. Building for an Urban Landscape” will be a deep-dive focus on going mixed-use, multi-story, and developing vertical industrial in urban environments as a response to consumer demand for same-day delivery, corporate need for last-mile logistics, and a desire of cities to preserve there shrinking industrial base. These trends require warehouse and industrial buildings to be located closer to dense urban populations with limited available land at extremely high costs. Following are the major zones proposed in the industrial park;

  • MANUFACTURING

The Manufacturing space has reduced over the years as automation as a role in the textile industry. A plant can be designed under two different concepts, depending on the product and the number of products. Product and Process layout can be designed using a flow-activity study.

  • WAREHOUSING, RECEIVING AND SHIPPING ZONES

The warehouse location should also permit the initial expansion of manufacturing into it's area. Since warehousing is the least expensive capital construction, it is reasonable to build the warehouse after manufacturing has expanded.

  • RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER

In the modern plant areas for research (product development) and control, laboratories are a must. As the size of the plant and, in turn, laboratory facilities-increases, a strong case can be made for separating the two, which are basically similar installations.

  • RETAIL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FACILITIES

The Administrative facilities include all the mandatory functions required for support of the park. These can be housed separately as well as in conjunction with the manufacturing facilities. Retail outlets can be designed for major commercial roads to promote businesses.
Way Forward
Up till now, the Urban Unit has identified State-owned Land in Lahore District. We are working to overlay the state-owned land parcels with Lahore Land use maps, to identify land that is zoned for commercial or industrial development. Using the Data collected by Urban Unit in the Land Directory. Next steps would be to identify specific state-owned land parcels and develop schematic design on it. Conduct market research and identify investors/companies who would be interested in this venture. Feasibility should be conducted which will include demand assessment and financial model design. After Land identification and Environmental impact assessment should be conducted to evaluate the suitability of such a project to the surroundings,
File:Vertical Textile and Garment Industrial Park.pdf

References