Multi-Modal Freight Terminal

Client: Transport Department, Government of Punjab

Punjab’s freight sector primarily depends on roads for movement of goods. At present, more than 96% of the freight traffic is carried through roads (World Bank, 2012). However, the potential of the freight road sector is well under-utilized despite the freight operations are deregulated and goods mobility is dominated by road network. It is because, to date, multi-modal freight system could not be developed due to lack of integrated freight nodes and high-speed freight corridors in the province. Rahim Yar Khan Serve as junction/ distribution point for the freight traffic in the country. All the up moving freight traffic which has to deliver goods to the Norther parts of the province or to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa access N55 Indus Highway and MM Road along the River Indus via Kot Mittan while passing through Rahim Yar Khan. Likewise, all the down moving traffic carrying goods from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and whole of Punjab traverse at Rahim Yar Khan. Importantly all the up-moving freight vehicles carrying goods from the sea ports enters Punjab from Rahim Yar Khan. The distance between sea port and Rahim Yar Khan is around 700 kilometers. As per prevailing practices of the freight movers, Rahim Yar Khan serves as the first resting area for the truckers. Lack of formal halting points for freight vehicles results in haphazard parking of the vehicles on the hotel located around the city on the provincial and national highways. Illegal on-street parking of trucks in the city limits reduce the road capacity to handle the other traffic. Furthermore, it causes chaos on important traffic nodes because most of the freight Addas are located along these important nodes/junctions. Likewise, the CPEC eastern alignment is near its completion and there is no multi-modal freight terminal along the alignment. The international freight vehicles traversing Punjab will require a halting point prior to completing a day journey to sea port. Notably, the proposed project was identified during the development course of the Punjab Spatial Strategy 2047. The strategy has been approved by the cabinet committee and is under implementation. The said project is of vital to extract the potential benefits out of CPEC corridors, which are due to complete in near future. The underline project will carry result in detailed feasibility and designing of the Multi-Modal freight terminal to be established at Rahim Yar Khan which will further result in Improvement in freight delivery operations in Pakistan and help to enhance Pakistan’s ranking in Logistic Performance Index (LPI). Currently Pakistan ranks 122/160 on the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) 2018.Concept Paper of the aforementioned scheme was submitted by the Urban Unit to Transport Department, which after consideration and approval was added in SMDP/ADP 2019-20.