E-Governance Using Geo-Spatial Technology

E-Governance means provision of good services to the public by the government using the information technology. In 21st century, Information Technology (IT) has totally changed the ideology in the public and private organizations/departments. E-government by using geo-spatial technology created a great impact in monitoring and functioning the services within the government departments. Geo-spatial technology is a system that acquire and handle the locational data about Earth[1]. Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS) and Remote Sensing (RS) are totally based on Geo-spatial technologies. GIS is the mapping tool for organizing and analyzing the information. RS and GPS are used for the collection of information about the Earth’s surface. Geo-spatial technology creates a bridge between the system and geographic information.

The Urban Unit was established in 2006, as a Project Management Unit (PMU) of the Planning and Development Department under the Government of Punjab. In 2012, the PMU was transformed into independent private sector company “Urban Sector Planning & Management Services Unit (Private) Limited” and fully owned by Government of the Punjab. Its mandate is to give policy advice and services to public and private sector organization/departments at province and national level in the areas that include Housing & Urban Planning, Urban Transport, Solid Waste Management, Water & Sanitation, Urban Economics & Municipal Finance, Institutional Development, Capacity Building, and Services Delivery Improvement[2].

The Urban Unit is committed to serve as benchmark of excellence in the development sector. It provide policy management services using in-depth analyses of spatial and non-spatial datasets employing state-of-the-art Information Communication Technology (ICT) tools for fostering socially cohesive, economically sustainable and vibrant communities. Before the Urban Unit, there was lack of such planning with the departments. The Urban Unit observed the weaknesses within the departments, suggested and introduced the Geo-spatial technology to public and private departments.

The Urban Unit has given the consultancies and technical inputs to public and private departments in many leading small and large projects. Some projects were included the Geo-spatial technology.

Punjab Spatial Strategy (PSS)

The Punjab Spatial Strategy (PSS) developed as part of the Jobs and Competitiveness (J&C) Programme of the Planning & Development Board and the World Bank, is a key strategic initiative of the Punjab Government to usher in a new era of evidence based planning for the province of Punjab. This key strategy document has been prepared by an elaborate effort on part of the Urban Unit that has carefully crafted the contours for development in the province going forward till the year 2047. This is the first time a spatial approach has been used to assess the future growth nodes and corridors of the province and to set in place a framework for a more sustainable approach towards development.

Urban Immovable Property Tax (UIPT) for 36 Districts of Punjab

The Urban Unit in collaboration with Excise, Taxation & Narcotics Control Department, started GIS Integrated Computerization of Urban Immovable Property Tax (UIPT) in 36 districts of Punjab Province. The primary objective of the project was to develop a robust system which should not only meet the requirements of modern world, but also have the characteristics of plugging all the avenues of leakages of revenue resulting into increase in revenue, which apart from it should be transparent and user friendly. In this project all the taxable properties are geo-tagged with property picture and linkage with the MIS data.

The pilot project for Sialkot initiated on 2013 and extended it into Phase-I; Computerization of Property Tax of 6-Largest cities; Lahore, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala and Rawalpindi. These six cities, as a whole, have approximately 2.2 million properties in which 1 million are taxable and remaining are non-taxable. The successful implementation of this system enhanced the speed of the work, quality, timely reporting, transparency, strong monitoring, reports generation, computerized PT-1, PT-10 Challan Forms, PT-13, PT-17 issuance. A complete database and system was provided to the department on 30th June, 2015. As a result of GIS Integrated Computerization of UIPT in these six districts, identification of almost 500,000 new/left over property units which were added in the database apart from an increase of PKR 1.5 billion revenue with a recurring effect, has been made possible. The interesting thing is that the public can calculate the tax by self and view the taxable property by given unique identification code printed on the back challan form.

From the 1st day of July, 2016, the Phase-II of the Project “the GIS Integrated Computerization of UIPT in remaining 30-Districts of the Province of Punjab has been started. All the E&T scanned record is digitized in the MIS system and 60% survey android based is completed. After the completion of project all the properties within the rating areas of E&T department will be geo-tagged and will enhance the revenue.

Urban Immovable Property Tax (UIPT) for Sukkur District

The Urban Unit has also developed the UIPT system for Sukkur district of Sindh province. The E&T department is very happy for this system and using to produce digital challan form.

Asset Management of Pakistan Railways Land by GIS Based Computerization and Development of Database Software for MIS

Pakistan Railways entered into a contract agreement with the Urban Unit on March 16th, 2015 to embark upon the task of GIS based Land Management System of lands of Pakistan Railways. It is a vision of the present leadership to use technology for effective and efficient management of one of the most important asset i.e. land - economic corridor for the organization. In this system all the land of Pakistan railway was mapped and identified the encroachments with geo-tagged photographs.

It was the most successful automation projects completed over a period of last two years. The Standing Committee of Senate and Asian Development Bank has appreciated the system developed jointly by Pakistan Railways and Urban Unit. Hence, this system is anticipated to become Decision Support System for the land management of Pakistan Railways. The system may prove a new economic corridor for Pakistan Railways.

Mapping of Assets; Water and Sanitation and Consumer Survey of 5 Large Cities (Lahore, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala and Rawalpindi) and Peshawar

The Urban Unit had completed the mapping of underground and above ground assets; Water Supply lines, Over Head Reservoirs, Filtration Plants, Tube wells, Sewer lines, Disposal & Lift Stations, Manholes, Treatment Plants in five Large Cities (Lahore, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala and Rawalpindi) under Punjab Cities Governance Improvement Project and Peshawar city. All the information were linked spatially and performed the analysis to prepare the Annual Development Plans for all WASAs.

The Urban Unit had also completed the GIS based consumer survey of all WASAs and identified the illegal connections. All WASAs are legalizing these illegal connections by using the GIS based system developed by the Urban Unit and enhancing their revenue collection.

In short Urban Unit is still in-process of capacity building to the public and private organizations/departments and giving consultancies in their functioning role to better the service delivery. Many of the government departments established their own GIS labs and control rooms for the betterment of service delivery system.

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File:E-Governance using Geo-spatial Technology .pdf